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版本:v0.14

Webhook

Overview

An Incoming Webhook allows users to actively push data to DevLake. It's particularly useful when DevLake is missing the plugin that pulls data from your DevOps tool.

When you create an Incoming Webhook within DevLake, DevLake generates a unique URL. You can post JSON payloads to this URL to push data to DevLake.

As of v0.14.0, users can push incidents and deployments required by DORA metrics to DevLake via Incoming Webhooks.

Creating webhooks in DevLake

Add a new webhook

To add a new webhook, go to the "Data Connections" page in config-ui and select "Issue/Deployment Incoming/Webhook".

We recommend that you give your webhook connection a unique name so that you can identify and manage where you have used it later.

After clicking on the "Generate POST URL" button, you will find several webhook URLs. You can then post to these URLs from your CI/CD tool or issue tracking system to push data directly to DevLake. You can always come back to the webhook page to access the URLs later.

Put webhook on the internet

For the new webhook to work, it needs to be accessible from the DevOps tools from which you would like to push data to DevLake. If DevLake is deployed in your private network and your DevOps tool (e.g. CircleCI) is a cloud service that lives outside of your private network, then you need to make DevLake's webhook accessible to the outside cloud service.

There're many tools for this:

  • For testing and quick setup, ngrok is a useful utility that provides a publicly accessible web URL to any locally hosted application. You can put DevLake's webhook on the internet within 5 mins by following ngrok's Getting Started guide. Note that, when posting to webhook, you may need to replace the localhost part in the webhook URL with the forwarding URL that ngrok provides.
  • If you prefer DIY, please checkout open-source reverse proxies like fatedier/frp or go for the classic nginx.

Register a deployment

You can copy the generated deployment curl commands to your CI/CD script to post deployments to Apache DevLake. Below is the detailed payload schema:

KeyRequiredNotes
commit_sha✔️ Yesthe sha of the deployment commit
repo_url✔️ Yesthe repo URL of the deployment commit
environment✖️ Nothe environment this deployment happens. For example, PRODUCTION STAGING TESTING DEVELOPMENT.
The default value is PRODUCTION
start_time✖️ NoTime. Eg. 2020-01-01T12:00:00+00:00
No default value.
end_time✖️ NoTime. Eg. 2020-01-01T12:00:00+00:00
The default value is the time when DevLake receives the POST request.

Deployment - Sample API Calls

Sample CURL to post deployments to DevLake. The following command should be replaced with the actual curl command copied from your Config UI:

curl https://sample-url.com/api/plugins/webhook/1/deployments -X 'POST' -d '{
"commit_sha":"015e3d3b480e417aede5a1293bd61de9b0fd051d",
"repo_url":"https://github.com/apache/incubator-devlake/",
"environment":"PRODUCTION",
"start_time":"2020-01-01T12:00:00+00:00",
"end_time":"2020-01-02T12:00:00+00:00"
}'

If you have set a username/password for Config UI, you'll need to add them to the curl command to register a deployment:

curl https://sample-url.com/api/plugins/webhook/1/deployments -X 'POST' -u 'username:password' -d '{
"commit_sha":"015e3d3b480e417aede5a1293bd61de9b0fd051d",
"repo_url":"https://github.com/apache/incubator-devlake/",
"environment":"PRODUCTION",
"start_time":"2020-01-01T12:00:00+00:00",
"end_time":"2020-01-02T12:00:00+00:00"
}'

Read more in Swagger.

Deployment - A real-world example in CircleCI

The following demo shows how to post "deployments" to DevLake from CircleCI. In this example, the CircleCI job 'deploy' is used to do deployments.

version: 2.1

jobs:
build:
docker:
- image: cimg/base:stable
steps:
- checkout
- run:
name: "build"
command: |
echo Hello, World!

deploy:
docker:
- image: cimg/base:stable
steps:
- checkout
- run:
name: "deploy"
command: |
# The time a deploy started
start_time=`date '+%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S%z'`

# Some deployment tasks here ...
echo Hello, World!

# Send the request to DevLake after deploy
# The values start with a '$CIRCLE_' are CircleCI's built-in variables
curl https://sample-url.com/api/plugins/webhook/1/deployments -X 'POST' -d "{
\"commit_sha\":\"$CIRCLE_SHA1\",
\"repo_url\":\"$CIRCLE_REPOSITORY_URL\",
\"start_time\":\"$start_time\"
}"

workflows:
build_and_deploy_workflow:
jobs:
- build
- deploy

Incident / Issue

If you want to collect issue or incident data from your system, you can use the two webhooks for issues.

Update or Create Issues

POST https://sample-url.com/api/plugins/webhook/1/issues

needs to be called when an issue or incident is created. The body should be a JSON and include columns as follows:

KeynameRequiredNotes
board_key✔️ Yesissue belongs to which board/project
url✖️ Noissue's URL
issue_key✔️ Yesissue's key, needs to be unique in a connection
title✔️ Yes
description✖️ No
epic_key✖️ Noin which epic.
type✖️ Notype, such as bug/incident/epic/...
status✔️ Yesissue's status. Must be one of TODO DONE IN_PROGRESS
original_status✔️ Yesstatus in your system, such as created/open/closed/...
story_point✖️ No
resolution_date✖️ Nodate, Format should be 2020-01-01T12:00:00+00:00
created_date✔️ Yesdate, Format should be 2020-01-01T12:00:00+00:00
updated_date✖️ Nodate, Format should be 2020-01-01T12:00:00+00:00
lead_time_minutes✖️ Nohow long from this issue accepted to develop
parent_issue_key✖️ No
priority✖️ No
original_estimate_minutes✖️ No
time_spent_minutes✖️ No
time_remaining_minutes✖️ No
creator_id✖️ Nothe user id of the creator
creator_name✖️ Nothe user name of the creator, it will just be used to display
assignee_id✖️ No
assignee_name✖️ No
severity✖️ No
component✖️ Nowhich component is this issue in.

More information about these columns at DomainLayerIssueTracking.

Close Issues (Optional)

POST https://sample-url.com/api/plugins/webhook/1/issue/:boardKey/:issueId/close

needs to be called when an issue or incident is closed. Replace :boardKey and :issueId with specific strings and keep the body empty.

Issues Sample API Calls

Sample CURL for Issue Creating :

curl https://sample-url.com/api/plugins/webhook/1/issues -X 'POST' -d '{"board_key":"DLK","url":"","issue_key":"DLK-1234","title":"a feature from DLK","description":"","epic_key":"","type":"BUG","status":"TODO","original_status":"created","story_point":0,"resolution_date":null,"created_date":"2020-01-01T12:00:00+00:00","updated_date":null,"lead_time_minutes":0,"parent_issue_key":"DLK-1200","priority":"","original_estimate_minutes":0,"time_spent_minutes":0,"time_remaining_minutes":0,"creator_id":"user1131","creator_name":"Nick name 1","assignee_id":"user1132","assignee_name":"Nick name 2","severity":"","component":""}'

Sample CURL for Issue Closing:

curl http://127.0.0.1:4000/api/plugins/webhook/1/issue/DLK/DLK-1234/close -X 'POST'

Read more in Swagger: https://sample-url.com/api/swagger/index.html#/plugins%2Fwebhook/post_plugins_webhook__connectionId_issues.